SPAN 131 SPAN131 Quiz 6 with Answers (PENN STATE)
SPAN 131 SPAN131 Quiz 6 Answer (PENN STATE)
- Latin America has at least three universities which predate Harvard by nearly 100 years.
- Despite the importance of land and the countryside, power was concentrated in the urban centers of Latin America in colonial times.
- Which of these is NOT a predominantly indigenous (nations whose populations remained majority Indian well into the twentieth century) or mestizo (European and Indian)?
- The offspring of Africans and Indians were called ____.
- A creole identity begins to emerge in the late 17th century. This coincided with the ___ period. The art, architecture, and literary production of this era was characterized by allusion, the ornate, and the tecnhincally intricate. It was a reaction to the clarity, logic, and linearity of the previous period.
- From most important and powerful to the least powerful, rank the following groups in colonial Latin America.
- Masters—such as slave owners, hacendados, encomenderos, etc.—typically encouraged the formation of stable family relations among slaves and Indians. Stable families helped produce an ample supply of free labor and therefore were seen as beneficial.
- Men in colonial Latin America played the dominant role, but they were also held up to a higher moral standard than were women. Premarital sex and adultery was a grievous sin for men and would cause them to lose their honor and social standing. Women were considered weak and influential and therefore were not punished for those types of offenses.
- An Indian who assimilated into Spanish society—who left his village, spoke Spanish, and took on the dress of the Europeans--could be seen as a mestizo. This is because what truly defined an Indian was not just his physiognomy (facial and physical features), but also the wearing of tribal dress, speaking an indigenous langauge, living with other indigenous people, and self-identifying with a tribal group.
- In the classic grid plan as prescribed by the Crown and later codified in the Law of the Indies, the central plaza of main cities was surrounded by the cathedral and the main government buildings. The residences of the wealthiest and most powerful families were located on the streets around and near the plaza.
- Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the Catholic ethos of the colonial era?
- In colonial Latin American society, class trumps race. What that means is that economic success could translate into social ascent and “racial bleaching” and one could literally change one’s standing in society and others’ perceptions of color through economic success.
- Common forms of entertainment during colonial times in Latin America were festivals and rituals of the Catholic Church, such as Day of the Dead and the celebrations of patron saints.
- This writer is seen as the greatest literary figure of colonial Latin America. Interestingly, she was a Mexican nun.
- In the Viceroyalty of New Spain in the mid-seventeenth century, Indians made up about ___ of the population.
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