SPAN 131 SPAN131 Quiz 3 with Answers (PENN STATE)

SPAN 131 SPAN131 Quiz 3 with Answers (PENN STATE)


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SPAN 131 SPAN131 Quiz 3 Answer (PENN STATE)

  1. Which of the following was NOT a shared common feature of the Aztec, Inca, and Maya civilizations?
  2. ____________ were fertile patches of land built up in Lake Texcoco in grid-like patterns. They were used by the Aztecs to increase the arable soil around Tenochtitlán. This was crucial since the capital was built on a lake and a highly productive agricultural area was needed to maintain the nearly quarter of a million people who lived there.
  3. Which of these was the southern capital of the Inca empire?
  4. Which of the following Andean civilizations came to power last?
  5. The three core regions of the Spanish empire were in place by the 1550s, some 60 years after the initial "discovery" by Columbus. This is incredible to imagine given the amount of land they covered and conquered. The initial "core" regions served as the primary stepping-stones to the conquest of other regions.
  6. ____________ was the key to the emergence of complex civilization in the Americas.
  7. Most experts agree that the indigenous population of the Americas was between _________ prior to contact in 1492.
  8. With what region of Latin America do you associate the Arawaks?
  9. The indigenous peoples of the Americas had not been exposed to malaria, influenza, yellow fever, plague, typhus, or smallpox prior to the arrival of the Europeans.
  10. As in Spain and Portugal, Maya society was built on hierarchy and inequality.
  11. The name “America” comes from the name of an European explorer (Amerigo Vespucci).
  12. This was the capital of the Aztec civilization.
  13. The Maya, Inca, and Aztecs all developed a highly centralized, extensive, and unified empire that was governed by one powerful leader.
  14. Which of the following crops was NOT indigenous to the Americas. That is, which came with the Europeans to the New World.
  15. The African ethnic group from the Oyo kingdom that would later have a profound impact on Latin American society and culture was the ____.
  16. Algarve and Portucale were ______.
  17. When the Portuguese and Spanish encountered the majority of western and central African peoples in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, they met them as equals. That is, neither side at this time had an overwhelming superiority to speak of (militarily, technologically, politically, etc.).
  18. In the _____ centuries, the city-states of Florence, Genoa, and Venice were among the most vibrant and dynamic trading centers in the world. They were important intermediaries between emerging Atlantic trading centers (London, Antwerp, Amsterdam) and the trading centers in Asia and Africa.
  19. When the Europeans first encountered the Africans in the 15 and 16th centuries, the Europeans did not have any significant goods that the Africans needed. The Africans already had gold, ivory, and pepper, to name but a few of the most coveted luxury items.
  20. The first nation-states began to emerge in Europe during the ____________ (1350-1550).
  21. The first nation-states began to emerge in Europe during the ____________ (1350-1550).
  22. The fall of _____ in 1492, after the defeat of the last Muslim leader Boabdil, marks the end of the Reconquest.
  23. The ____________, more so than any other Iberian people, had honed and accumulated knowledge about astronomy, cartography, shipbuilding, and sailing. They had also completed the reconquest in 1253 and were therefore able to complete the process of territorial consolidation very early. This allowed them to become the first nation-state in Europe and made them the leaders in maritime endeavors.
  24. Which of these is NOT part of the legacy of Roman Hispania?
  25. Slavery among Africans, Europeans, and Muslims existed prior to the “discovery” of the New World in 1492.
  26. The “Reconquest” (Reconquista) of Spain lasted nearly 800 years. This was the period of time when the Christians were trying to reconquer the Iberian Peninsula after the Islamic invasion in 711.
  27. Gold, ivory, silks, and spices were the luxury goods that came out of the east and Africa, whereas silver was the primary European good moving east.
  28. Like the indigenous peoples of the Americas, and even more so, the peoples of Africa were incredibly diverse in ethnicity, religion, and language. There was also a wide variety of levels of political and economic development, from small tribes to empires, ranging across a vast array of environments from desert to tropical forests to mountains.
  29. In 1500, there was only one church, one Christianity, in Western Europe: it was the Catholic Church headquartered in Rome.
  30. When we think of the “triangle trade” in relation to slavery, we think of Europe, the Americas, and Africa. However, prior to this Africa already formed one side of a triangle trading* network with Europe and Asia that had linked the continents of the Old World for millenia. (*Note: This was not based solely on the export of slaves.)

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