SPAN 131 SPAN131 Quiz 10 with Answers (PENN STATE)

SPAN 131 SPAN131 Quiz 10 with Answers (PENN STATE)

soffix

  • $19.99


SPAN 131 SPAN131 Quiz 10 Answer (PENN STATE)

  1. Neoliberal economics is an economic model characterized by all of the following except ____.
  2. According to the text, how many people of Puerto Rican descent live on the U.S. mainland?
  3. The growth that Latin America experienced throughout the 20th century significantly improved the lives of the majority of Latin Americans.
  4. Protectionism through tariffs and duties on imports, the creation of state-controlled enterprises to guide and develop vital industries, and large-scale government financing of key sectors of the economy as a means to develop national economies was called ______.
  5. In which year do Puerto Ricans become citizens of the USA?
  6. As they entered the 20th century, most Latin American nations relied exclusively on a single crop or mineral. Monoculture of this type made them very vulnerable to the rise and fall of commodity prices in Europe and the USA.
  7. Even though poverty and inequality have not been eradicated in Latin America, the good news is that they have decreased drastically in scale. In short, things have gotten better and not worse.
  8. Latin Americans of Japanese or Lebanese descent have served as presidents in the last 20 years in Peru, Ecuador, and Argentina.
  9. By the 1950s, which of these was NOT one of the four most populous nations in Latin America?
  10. Which of the following is NOT true with respect to Latin America at the beginning of the 21st century?
  11. What remains the most striking feature of Latin America in the 21st century?
  12. Two powerful and dramatic patterns characterize demogrphic change in Latin America in the second half of the 20th century: the rapid and explosive growth of population in the region (overall population tripled—to just over a half a billion people—and _______________________.
  13. The emergence of electoral politics has coincided with all but one of the following?
  14. Brazil is given as an example of a nation with a vast divide that separates the rich and poor. The upper 20% of citizens controls 64% of the nation’s income. The lower 20% only accounts for 2% of the national income.
  15. _____________ is one of the most potent forces that binds together many diverse peoples and cultures around loyalty to an idea. The diverse peoples of Latin American nations ferociously defend the idea and national reality of a “Brazil” or “Mexico,” for example, even though they are part of a smaller regional or subnational community.
  16. We know that Jacobo Arbenz, the democratically elected leader in Guatemala, was replaced by a CIA-backed coup (“Operation Success”) after he began to implement social and economic reforms. His successor tossed out all the reforms and initiated four decades of military-dominated rule. Some 200,000 people would die in the conflicts during this time. Who was this military leader who ruled after Arbenz?
  17. General John J. “Black Jack” Pershing entered Mexico on a “punitive expedition” of 10,000 troops in search of ______, the Mexican revolutionary hero who had attacked the town of Columbus, New Mexico in 1916.
  18. Which is NOT true about the situation in Guatemala in the 1940s?
  19. “______” are communal landholdings in Mexico. Millions of acres were given to peasants in the 1920s and 1930s as part of a larger process of land reform.
  20. The ______ became a massive political machine whose candidates would always win the presidency, governorships, and control of the congress. Although known by different names in the early years, the party held power for some 70 years after the Mexican Revolution. [This party lost the elections in 2000 for the first time since its formation. However, the current president of Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto (2012-), is a member of this party.]
  21. The first great social revolution in the 20th century took place in Mexico beginning in 1910. Approximately ___ people died in this war (10% of the nation). As a point of comparison, 2% of the nation (620,000) died in the U.S. Civil War.
  22. The indigenous peoples of Guatemala were forced to work the land of the large plantations and fincas. They used pseudo-legal tactics such as “vagracy laws” to make sure the Indians were forced to work on their estates, even under abysmal condtitions.
  23. “______” are communal landholdings in Mexico. Millions of acres were given to peasants in the 1920s and 1930s as part of a larger process of land reform.
  24. The ______ became a massive political machine whose candidates would always win the presidency, governorships, and control of the congress. Although known by different names in the early years, the party held power for some 70 years after the Mexican Revolution. [This party lost the elections in 2000 for the first time since its formation. However, the current president of Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto (2012-), is a member of this party.]
  25. The first great social revolution in the 20th century took place in Mexico beginning in 1910. Approximately ___ people died in this war (10% of the nation). As a point of comparison, 2% of the nation (620,000) died in the U.S. Civil War.
  26. The indigenous peoples of Guatemala were forced to work the land of the large plantations and fincas. They used pseudo-legal tactics such as “vagracy laws” to make sure the Indians were forced to work on their estates, even under abysmal condtitions.
  27. Which of these was not a Mexican revolutionary figure of importance?
  28. “La Frutera” is another name for “el pulpo.” Both of these nicknames are used to refer to ___________, a powerful transnational corporation that became the largest landowner in Guatemala and elsewhere in Central America. It owned the only railway in the country at that time and that railway was used primarily to take their products to the coast for export.
  29. In the aftermath of the Bolivian revolution, all of the following happened EXCEPT:
  30. Our author defines ____________ as a relatively rapid and fundamental transformation of the basic structures of society, politics, and economics, usually accompanied by violence.

                                                                  We Also Recommend


                                                                  Sale

                                                                  Unavailable

                                                                  Sold Out