PSYC 343 PSYC343 Week 8 Final Exam (APUS)

PSYC 343 PSYC343 Week 8 Final Exam (APUS)

soffix

  • $25.00


PSYC343 Week 8 Final Exam (APUS)

Question 1 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Those who study adult development theorize that ________.

 

A.Reserve capacity remains the same throughout adulthood.

B.There is no plasticity in how an individual develops.

C.All age periods of development are equally important.

D.None of the above.

 

Question 2 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Paradigms of aging are distinguishable from theories because paradigms ______.

 

A.are not directly testable

B.are taken out of context

C.are not as respected as theories

D.are too mechanistic

 

Question 3 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Which of the following would be an example of ageism?

 

A.Hiring a 65 year old consultant because of his wealth of experiences dealing with a variety of clients.

B.A teenager offering to help an older couple load their groceries into their car.

C.Offering an employee the opportunity to retire with benefits once s/he reaches a certain age.

D.A doctor allowing less time per appointment for patients over a certain age.

 

Question 4 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Is the following statement true or false? 

 

"Worldwide, the number of persons age 65 and over is increasing."

 

True

False

 

Question 5 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

In 1997, Riley suggested that social dimensions of aging are best understood using a conceptual framework that emphasizes ________.

 

A.A social paradigm

B.Age integration

C.Filial piety

D.Androgyny

 

Question 6 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Which examines age-related changes between individuals?

 

A.ontogeny

B.intraindividual difference

C.developmental psychology

D.longitudinal differences

 

Question 7 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

The idea that intraindividual differences occur in patterns of aging is known as _____.

 

A.social age

B.multidirectionality

C.reversibility of change

D.age graded opportunity structure

 

Question 8 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

_____ is a disease that involves significant losses in bone calcium and increased bone brittleness.

 

A.osteopenia

B.presbycusis

C.osteoperosis

D.reticular activation

 

Question 9 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

_____ refers to the disruption in expected routine and lifestyle.

 

A.Subjective caregiver burden

B.Daily hassles

C.Socio-emotional selectivity

D.Objective caregiver burden

 

Question 10 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Senescence means ______.

 

A.premature aging

B.normal aging

C.pathological aging

D.none of the above

 

Question 11 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Which of the following is the best supported account of biological aging at the cellular levele?

 

A.genetic mutation theory

B.free radical theory

C.genetic switching theory

D.none of the above

 

Question 12 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

_____ refers to handling stressful situations by using resources available in the environment.

 

A.problem-focused coping

B.primary appraisal

C.secondary appraisal

D.emotion-focused coping

 

Question 13 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

After Alzheimer's Disease, which condition comes in second (accounting for 20%) of the cases of dementia?

 

A.Lewy Body Dementia

B.Mixed dementia

C.Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

D.Parkinson's Disease

 

Question 14 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

_____ affects a person's allostatic load.

 

A.biological functioning

B.cognitive processes

C.both biological functioning and cognitive processes

D.none of the above

 

Question 15 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

According to data compiled by Kessier et. al., the prevalence of mental disorders in adults is highest among which group?

 

A.both men and women over 65 years old

B.both men and women between 20 to 30 years old

C.both men and women between the ages of 45 to 64 years old

D.none of the above

 

Question 16 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

The biggest risk factors for suicide are _____ and _____.

 

A.being female and Asian

B.being a male and over the age of 25

C.being an older adult and male

D.none of the above

 

Question 17 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

_____ is known to diminish with age, but _____ tends to improve duirng the adult years.

 

A.emotional stability - general cognitive processing

B.general cognitive processing - physical stamina

C.reserve capacity - emotional resources

D.physical stamina - reserve resources

 

Question 18 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

The _____ model describes the relationship between stressful life events and a person's vulnerability as an explanation of the occurrence of mental illness

 

A.depletion

B.diathesis-stress

C.stress buffering

D.tension-reduction

 

Question 19 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Is the following statement true or false? 

 

"Mortality rates have declined in general in recent decades."

 

True

False

 

Question 20 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Social support can provide _____ in older adults.

 

A.better coping skills

B.stress buffering

C.help with financial resources

D.none of the above

 

Question 21 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Which of the following contributes to an increased risk of falling in older adults?

 

A.sarcopenia

B.changes in sensory/perceptual systems

C.the actual fear of falling

D.all of the above

 

Question 22 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

_____ involves retrieval of contextual information and is substantially impaired with aging.

 

A.recollection

B.familiarity

C.both recollection and familiarity

D.semantic memory

 

Question 23 of 50

0.0/ 2.0 Points

Which factor related to developmental changes in intelligence is linked to chronic illness?

 

A.cohort effects

B.selective dropout

C.terminal drop

D.sensory acuity

 

Question 24 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Non-demented individuals are more likely to experience _____ memory deficits than _____ memory deficits.

 

A.apparent, genuine

B.contextual, information processing

C.pathological, pre-clinical

D.neurological, age-associated impairment

 

Question 25 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Which of the following is characterized by the ability to solve novel problems, yet declines with age?

 

A.convergent thinking

B.fluid intelligence

C.chrystallized intelligence

D.primary mental abilities

 

Question 26 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Is the following statement true or false? 

 

"Cross sectional studies tend to paint a more pessismistic picture of adult intellectual change that do longitudinal studies in large part due to the g factor.

 

True

False

 

Question 27 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Which is most likely to show an age-related "typical pattern of decline across all primary mental abilities", including intelligence?

 

A.a cross-sectional study

B.a longitudinal study

C.a sequential research design

D.none of the above

 

Question 28 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

The ability to reexperience nuances of your first airplane trip, such as what you saw and felt while on the plane is an example of which type of memory?

 

A.source

B.declarative

C.semantic

D.episodic

 

Question 29 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Which of the following tends to be unimpaired by aging?

 

A.information processing

B.thinking

C.knowing

D.both thinking and knowing

 

Question 30 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

According to Baltes research there is an increase in _____ from middle age to old age.

 

A.elective selection

B.compensation

C.loss-based selection

D.optimization

 

Question 31 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

The term (phrase) _____ is used in successful aging models to mean using a new strategy or technique to adapt to a life task when a long-used ability is lost or falls below the critical level.

 

A.age-by-age-experience paradigm

B.fluid mechanics

C.selective optimization with compensation

D.postformal thinking

 

Question 32 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Stage theories of development (such as Erikson's theory of psychosocial development) have been criticized because:

 

A.they are difficult to empirically verify

B.they overlook cultural differences

C.they are difficult to empirically verify, and they overlook cultural differences

D.none of the above

 

Question 33 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Is the following statement true of false? 

"With enough practice, some skills can become automatic and are then less susceptible to age-related decrements."

 

True

False

 

Question 34 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

An elderly person may be more prone to being swindled by a fast-talking con artist because of _____.

 

A.the positivity effect

B.tendencies toward emotional regulation

C.decreases in deliberative processing

D.the negativity effect

 

Question 35 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

According to the Staudinger study older adults seem to perform better on _____ than younger adults.

 

A.fluid related tasks

B.mechanics of the mind

C.wisdom related tasks

D.none of the above

 

Question 36 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Stress cardiomyopathy is also known as _____.

 

A.a heart attack

B.a stroke

C.arterial blockage

D.a broken heart

 

Question 37 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Is the following statement true or false? 

"Women report greater marital satisfaction than men."

 

True

False

 

Question 38 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

As love relationships mature, _____ becomes increasingly important.

 

A.passion

B.intimacy

C.caring

D.all of the above

 

Question 39 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

When adult children begin to interact with their parent as one adult to another this is called _____.

 

A.role meaning

B.role satisfaction

C.role behavior

D.filial maturity

 

Question 40 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

The majority of employees will experience _____ career changes in their lifetime.

 

A.3-4

B.2-5

C.5-8

D.none because choosing a career is a one time choice

 

Question 41 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Which of the following is NOT a reason that older adults work during retirement?

 

A.desire to stay active

B.to interact with people

C.to earn needed income

D.concerns about potential loss of spouse

 

Question 42 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Which of the following is a benefit to doing volunteer work after retirement?

 

A.improved physical health

B.social support

C.enhanced self-esteem

D.all of the above

 

Question 43 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Studies have found that roughly _____ percent of people between 60 and 71 years of age regularly engage in sexual intercourse, and _____ percent of those over 78 do so.

 

A.25; 10

B.50;15

C.60;20

D.35;5

 

Question 44 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

A living will does which of the following?

 

A.It ensures the right of an individual to choose whether heroic measures will be used to sustain his or her life.

B.It establishes a contract between the person, the medical community, and close relatives.

C.It allows a person to declare his or her choice of under what circumstances life sustaining treatments should be provided.

D.all of the above

 

Question 45 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

According to the developmental view of death, at what age do children hold both a biological and spiritual or religious view of death?

 

A.11 or 12

B.7 or 8

C.5 to 6

D.12 to 13

 

Question 46 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Kastenbaum (1981) suggested that the cumulative effects of having to cope with the deaths of friends and relatives in a short time span can cause the elderly to experience _____.

 

A.physical health related problems

B.cognitive decline

C.bereavement overload

D.all of the above

 

Question 47 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

According to Kubler-Ross's theory it is in the _____ stage that individuals try to psychologically delay death.

 

A.anger

B.bargaining

C.depression

D.acceptance

 

Question 48 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Which of the following may contribute to a person's social death long before his or her physical death?

 

A.isolation, distancing, noncommunication

B.emotional abandonment by close family

C.lack of timely information from personal physician

D.none of the above

 

Question 49 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Treatment that is delivered in nursing homes, hospitals or homes, and is designed to enhance comfort and improve the quality of an individual's life during the last phase of life is called _____.

 

A.palliative care

B.hospice care

C.square of care

D.none of the above

 

Question 50 of 50

2.0/ 2.0 Points

Is the following statement true or false? 

"Older women are more likely to outlive their husbands."

 

True

False

 


We Also Recommend


Sale

Unavailable

Sold Out