PSYC 303 PSYC303 Week 8 Final Exam (APUS)

PSYC 303 PSYC303 Week 8 Final Exam (APUS)

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PSYC303 Week 8 Final Exam (APUS)

Question 1 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The founder of the first laboratory of scientific psychology was ________.

 

A.Franciscus Donders

B.Hermann von Helmholtz

C.Wilhelm Wundt

D.Hermann Ebbinghaus

 

Question 2 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The procedure in which trained participants describe their experience and thought processes in response to stimuli presented under controlled conditions is known as:

 

A.information processing

B.analytic introspection

C.functional analysis

D.behavioral analysis

 

Question 3 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

John Watson believed that psychology should focus on the study of ________.

 

A.observable behavior

B.mental processes

C.consciousness

D.atention

 

Question 4 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The sequence of steps that includes the image on the retina, changing the image into electrical signals, and neural processing is an example of_______processing.

 

A.bottom-up

B.top-down

C.size constancy

D.perceptual organization

 

Question 5 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Some perceptions result from assumptions we make about the enviornment that we are not even aware of. This theory of unconscious inference was developed by

 

A.Goldstein

B.Gestalt psychologists

C.Helmholtz

D.Gibson

 

Question 6 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Things that form patterns that are meaningful are likely to be grouped together according to the law of ____.

 

A.simplicity

B.similarity

C.pragnanz

D.familiarity

 

Question 7 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

A heuristic is a ____________.

 

A."rule of thumb" that provides a best-guess solution to a problem

B.procedure that is guaranteed to solve a problem

C.series of rules that specify how we organize parts into wholes

D.short alogorithm

 

Question 8 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The study of the behavior of humans with brain damageis called ________.

 

A.neuropsychology

B.functional localization

C.position emission tomography

D.the subtraction technique

 

Question 9 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Broadbent's "filter model" proposes that the filter identifies the attended message based on

 

A.meaning

B.modality

C.physical characteristics

D.higher order characteristics

 

Question 10 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Which stage in Treisman's "attenuation model" has a threshold component?

 

A.The attenuator

B.The dictionary unit

C.The filter

D.The "leaky" filter

 

Question 11 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The ability to pay attention to, or carry out, two or more different tasks simultaneously is known as

 

A.divided attention

B.dual attention

C.divergent tasking

D.selective attention

 

Question 12 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Controlled processing involves

 

A.close attention

B.ease in performing parallel tasks

C.overlearning of tasks

D.few cognitive resources

 

Question 13 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Scene schema is ______________.

 

A.rapid movements of the eyes from one place to another in a scene

B.short pauses of the eyes on points on interest in a scene

C.how attention is distributed throughout a static scene

D.knowledge about what is contained in a typical scene

 

Question 14 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The three structural components of the modal model of memory are:

 

A.receptors, occipital lobe, temporal lobe

B.receptors, temporal lobe, frontal lobe

C.sensory memory, short-term memory, long-term memory

D.sensory memory, iconic memory, rehearsal

 

Question 15 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The inability to assimilate or retain new knowledge is known

 

A.anterograde amnesia

B.retrograde amnesia

C.the primacy effect

D.the serial effect

 

Question 16 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Memory enhancement due to repetition priming is a result of

 

A.the test stimulus being the same or resembling the priming stimulus

B.the test stimulus being different from the priming stimulus

C.the test stimulus being similar in meaning to the priming stimulus

D.the test stimulus being different in meaning from the priming stimulus

 

Question 17 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Acquiring information and transforming it into memory is _____.

 

A.state-dependent learning

B.encoding

C.memory consolidation

D.transfer-appropriate processing

 

Question 18 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

According to the levels of processing theory, memory durability depends on how information is ___________.

 

A.encoded

B.stored

C.retrieved

D.all of the above

 

Question 19 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Autobiographical memory research shows that a person's brain is more extensively activated when viewing photos.

 

A.the person has seen before

B.of familiar places

C.of places they took themselves

D.the person has never seen before

 

Question 20 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The idea that we remember life events better because we encounter the information over and over in what we read, see on TV, and talk about with other people is called the

 

A.narrative rehearsal hypothesis

B.cognitive hypothesis

C.life-narrative hypothesis

D.reminiscence hypothesis

 

Question 21 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

A ________ is a mental representation used for variety of cognitive functions, including memory, reasoning, and using and understanding language

 

A.exemplar

B.concept

C.unit

D.prototype

 

Question 22 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

_________ is an average representation of a category.

 

A.A prototype

B.An exemplar

C.A unit

D.A component

 

Question 23 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Items high on prototypicality have _____ family resemblances

 

A.no

B.weak

C.moderate

D.strong

 

Question 24 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Mental imagery involves _______________.

 

A.experiencing a sensory impression in the absence of sensory input

B.mental representations of the current sensory inputs

C.sensory representations of a stimulus

D.all of these

 

Question 25 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Imagery neurons respond to ___________.

 

A.all visual images

B.only visual images ina specific category

C.visual images as well as objects ina specific category

D.all objects

 

Question 26 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Language consists of smaller components, like words, that can be combined to form larger ones, like phrases, to create sentences, which themselves can be components of a larger story. This property is known as

 

A.hierachical structure

B.relational organization

C.parallel organization

D.propositional representation

 

Question 27 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

 

A.F. Skinner the modern champion of behaviorism, proposed that language is learned through _________________.

B.parsing

C.genectic coding

D.syntactic framing

E.reinforcement

 

Question 28 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Gestalt psychologists consider problem solving as a process involving ______.

 

A.restructuring

B.multiple goal states

C.sensory operators

D.continuity and form

 

Question 29 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Insight refers to _______________.

 

A.prior learning facilitating problem solving

B.prior learning hindering problem solving

C.the tendancy to respond in a certain manner, based on past experience

D.the sudden realization of a problem's solution

 

Question 30 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The ability to transfer experience from one problem solving situation to a similar problem is

 

A.analogical encoding

B.analogical transfer

C.insight

D.in vivo problem solving

 


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