PHIL 201 PHIL201 Quiz 2 (Liberty University)

PHIL 201 PHIL201 Quiz 2 (Liberty University)

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PHIL 201 Quiz 2

  1. In a valid deductive argument the conclusion follows necessarily from the premises.
  2. In deductive reasoning, the argument is either valid or invalid.
  3. “Something is or is not” comes under the category of a law of logic:
  4. It is possible for an argument to be valid and all the premises to be false.
  5. The Latin phrase that means ‘it does not follow’ is:
  6. This fallacy occurs when an argument is distorted to an extreme and becomes a false imitation of the original argument:
  7. A fallacy of relevance:
  8. Identify the fallacy: There are more churches in New York City than in any other city in the USA. New York City also has the highest amount of violent crime than any other city. It’s pretty obvious that to relieve the crime problem we should reduce the churches.
  9. This fallacy claims that if a position is popular then it must be right:
  10. Identify the fallacy: The Bible says we should do to others what we would have them to do for us. Therefore I have no problem sharing the questions and answers of this quiz with another student.
  11. One way to resolve the problem of conflicting authorities is to:
  12. A positive/negative approach is the weakest approach to take in presenting an argument.
  13. Knowing the main point of the argument will help me find the conclusion.
  14. The term for beliefs relating together in a way that is mutually supportive:
  15. Occam’s razor says:
  16. In a deductive syllogism, if the premises are true and the conclusion is true, then the argument is valid.
  17. An argument where one gathers identical particular instances and arrives at a common conclusion:
  18. An argument may be evaluated as “true” or “false.”
  19. Identify this kind of argument: If naturalism is true, then all things are determined and there is no free will. If there is no free will then morality makes no sense. Therefore, if naturalism is true then morality makes no sense.
  20. An inductive argument is measured in degrees of probability:

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