CRIM 435 CRIM435 Exam 1 (VERSION 2)
CRIM 435 CRIM435 Exam 1 (VERSION 1) SPRING 2016
1.Which city is credited with having the first modern police department?
2.Who was the U.S. Supreme Court chief justice during the due process revolution?
3.What is the R in problem-oriented policing’s SARA?
4.All clauses of the federal Bill of Rights have now been incorporated.
5.Which of the following is one of the themes of the 9 Principles of Policing?
a.The mission of the police is to prevent crime and disorder.
b.The use of physical force by the police should be limited.
c.Police should be accountable to the public.
d.Police should strive for impartial enforcement of the law.
e.two of the above
f.three of the above
g.all of the above
h.none of the above
6.Which unit is often called the “backbone of policing”?
7.Who was the former Berkeley (California) police chief who was one of the leading reformers of the professional era of American policing?
8.According to the U.S. Supreme Court in Katz v. U.S., a fourth amendment search occurs when:
a.there is an actual physical intrusion by the police.
b.police breach a person’s reasonable expectation of privacy.
c.police first indicate that a person is not free to leave police presence.
d.police engage in custodial questioning of a suspect.
9.According to our discussions, warrantless searches are never “reasonable” within the meaning of the fourth amendment.
10.According to our discussions, which of the following is a basic element of community policing?
d.all of the above
e.none of the above
11.In the Angel video, “Law and Disorder in Philadelphia”, the overall relationship between the police and the communities featured in the video was generally very good.
12.According to our textbook, a murder law is an example of a ______________ law.
13.According to our textbook, _________ police are employed, trained, and paid by a government agency; their purpose is to serve the general interest of all citizens.
14.According to our textbook, a police-initiated activity, such as an undercover decoy program, would be considered __________ police work.
15.Before modern police departments, police work in America was typically done by amateurs, not professionals.
16.According to our textbook, the ______________ theory regards the development of the police as a result of class-based economic exploitation.
17.According to our textbook, the __________ theory holds that many municipal police departments were created because other cities had them, not because there was a real need; police forces were considered an integral part of the governmental structure needed to prove a stabilizing influence in communities.
18.The practice of politicians giving jobs (like police jobs) to people in return for loyalty and support is known as:
19.According to our textbook, the ___________ Doctrine deals with automobile searches.
20.The 9 Principles of Policing favor __________ policing.
21.What style of policing was most commonly practiced during the political era of policing?
22.According to the U.S. Supreme Court, before police conduct a consensual search, they must warn the suspect that s/he has a right to refuse to give his/her consent to the search.
23.Who is credited with creating the first modern police department in 1829?
24.Merit hiring and promotion, isolation from the public, enhanced training, and state-of-the-art equipment were all hallmarks of the ___________ era of American policing.
25.What is the first A in problem-oriented policing’s SARA?
26.Which constitutional clause was used to accomplish incorporation?
27.What was the federal program that provided funding for police research and education?
28.According to our discussions, community-oriented policing is:
a.better at reducing fear of crime than actual crime.
b.better at reducing actual crime than fear of crime.
c.equally good at reducing actual crime and fear of crime.
d.not particularly good at reducing either actual crime or fear of crime.
29.Who is the creator of Problem-Oriented Policing?
30.According to our discussions, directed patrol is usually a more effective crime-fighting strategy than general patrol.
31.What is the minimum standard of proof necessary to justify a Terry stop and frisk?
a.prima facie evidence
d.preponderance of evidence
32.Which ethnic group dominated policing in eastern U.S. cities during the political era?
33.Assume that it is 1850 and you are in Philadelphia. A Philadelphia police officer stops and searches you while you are walking down the street. The officer finds counterfeit money in your pocket and arrests you. You are later convicted in a Pennsylvania state court. The officer admits that he did not have a specific suspicion before he searched you; he admits that he searched you only because he had a hunch that you were “up to no good”. You believe that the officer’s search violated your federal fourth amendment rights, so you file an appeal in federal court. Is it likely that the federal court in 1850 will rule in your favor and hold that the search violated your fourth amendment rights?
34.Which style of policing was stressed by reformers during the professional era of policing?
35.Police are required to read the Miranda warnings:
a.immediately after every arrest.
b.before engaging in any communications with members of the public.
c.before conducting any search.
d.before commencing custodial questioning.
36.Community policing emphasizes _______________ policing.
37.According to our discussions, problem-oriented policing is an effective strategy to reduce crime.
38.In Atwater, the Supreme Court was asked to decide if Texas could give police authority to arrest violators who committed traffic offenses like seatbelt violations. The Supreme Court held that it was ______________ for Texas to grant its police such authority.
39.According to our discussion of Wardlow, which involved a man running away from the police, flight from the police can be grounds to support a Terry stop if the flight constitutes ________________ behavior.
40.According to our discussions, a criminal suspect has a right to attorney at trial but not during police interrogations.
41.What is the minimum standard of proof required to obtain a search warrant?
a.prima facie evidence
d.preponderance of evidence
42.During the 1930s, the U.S. Supreme Court would declare unconstitutional certain state criminal procedures and practices if those procedures and practices:
a.were deeply offensive.
b.implicated significant federalism concerns.
c.resulted in diminished liberty.
d.shocked the conscience.
43.The S in problem-oriented policing’s SARA stands for:
44.What rule is used to punish police for violating the 4th amendment?
45.According to our textbook, __________ is harmful or offensive body contact between two people, such as when an officer applies any force to an individual without justification.
46.According to our textbook, private citizens may never sue individual police officers for injuries caused by unlawful acts of the officers.
47.According to our textbook, ______________ policing is based on the idea that police departments should adopt those practices with the strongest evidence of effectiveness.
48.According to our textbook, community—oriented policing recommends assigning officers to permanent beats.
49.According to our textbook, case __________ involves removing cases with very low probability of being solved so that detectives can concentrate on more promising cases.
50.According to our discussions, the nightwatch was a group of trained professionals who patrolled town and cities in search of serious crimes.
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