CJUS 320 CJUS320 Final Exam (Liberty University)

CJUS 320 CJUS320 Final Exam (Liberty University)


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CJUS320 Final Exam (Liberty University)

  1. Prison staff are trained to monitor inmates only intermittently so as not to interfere with their privacy.
  2. Even if deterrence does not work, advocates suggest that long sentences will at least rehabilitate offenders.
  3. Drug abuse programs are not particularly important in prisons.
  4. Contraband is defined as the list of items that prison inmates are legally allowed to possess.
  5. The task of controlling behavior and maintaining order envisions a picture of total and absolute control by correctional officers and an environment in which inmate rights and individual characteristics must     be secondary to security.
  6. Prison work and program assignments are an important part of the normal routine of the prison day.
  7. Correctional jobs are difficult to perform, and not every person who expresses an interest in corrections is suited for this type of work.
  8. In which 1977 case did the Supreme Court disagree to adding steak and wine on the prison menu for inmates who practiced the new religion of the Church of the New Song (CONS)?
  9. What is perhaps the most popular use of technology pertaining to prisons?
  10. Which of the following is considered as the most controversial area of prison programming?
  11. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Goffman's total institution that results in isolation and inability to act for oneself?
  12. Which of the following by definition means "to return to a previous form"?
  13. Which of the following resulted in prison industries producing inmate clothing, office furniture, and other products that can be sold only to government agencies?
  14. Which of the following is a form of incarceration in which juveniles handled by adult courts are placed in adult prisons with no separate housing or differentiation in programming or job assignments?
  15.         How do most male inmates adjust to incarceration?
  16.   Why do some states use supermax prisons for inmates who have not committed a violent act in prison?
  17. What do prisons do through the use of rewards and punishments to bring inmates to a law-abiding lifestyle?
  18. Disciplinary segregation is a nonpunitive confinement in SHU used to house inmates whose continued presence in the general population may pose a serious threat to the security or orderly running of the prison.
  19. What is the scheduled counting of inmates in their housing units to ensure that they are in the prison and have not escaped?
  20. Staff diversity is not an important factor within the operation of correctional agencies since what is required is a set of efficient and talented bunch of people and not the representation of a wide variety people in terms of gender, race, and ethnicity.
  21. Which administrative function is not a typical responsibility of the central organization of a correctional agency?
  22. Which of the following is a theory of how inmate culture becomes a part of prison life?
  23. Which of the following is NOT true of current community supervision strategies?
  24. Which of the following is a theory of how inmate culture becomes a part of prison life?
  25. Positive recognition and good pay have often been the incentives that motivated people to take jobs as correctional officers.
  26. Neither the mission nor the organizational structure of prisons has changed much over the past 50 years.
  27. Which of the following is not an element of a state's death penalty that must exist in order to be constitutional, according to the Supreme Court's decision in Gregg v. Georgia?
  28.         What is the term Fabelo used to refer to correctional agencies taking advantage of new technologies to reduce the costs of supervising criminal offenders and minimize the risk they pose to society?
  29.         Which of the following refers to gang members telling correctional officials everything they know about the gang operations and membership?
  30. A good explanation for the high level of violence within prisons is that prisons hold violent people who act out in violent ways.
  31.         In which 1979 case did the Supreme Court hold that there is no one-person, one-cell guarantee within a prison?
  32.         Wardens cannot be the substantive experts on everything that goes on in the prison.
  33.         Wardens report directly to the security supervisors, the chief executive officers responsible for day-to-day prison activities.
  34.         The notion of restorative justice suggests that the correctional and other justice agencies partner with other critical stakeholders such as victims of a crime.
  35.         In which Supreme Court case did the court determine that inmate privacy was not a valid reason to refuse hiring women as correctional officers?
  36.         In all states, jail standards are left up to local jurisdictions.
  37.         Who are the primary victims of sexual assaults?
  38.         A majority of the U.S. public favors rehabilitation alternatives to incarceration for nonviolent and nonserious offenders.
  39.         Inmates do not have an expectation of privacy while in prison.
  40.         Which of the following is NOT one of the three variations of the legal process of transferring juvenile offenders to adult court?
  41.         Since inmates have a significant need for educational programs, most prisons provide these programs.
  42.         For states that still use indeterminate sentence and parole for release decisions, where are the parole board and post-release supervision usually located?
  43.         Which is NOT a preventive action that prison administrators can take to reduce inmate unrest?
  44.         Internal classification systems are instruments used to assign inmates to housing or programs after they are placed in a particular prison.
  45.         A warden may directly instruct a correctional officer to carry out a function without passing the instruction through correctional supervisors.
  46.         Which of the following is the most controversial recreational activity?
  47.         Which of the following refers to the staff's ability to locate and identify inmates at any point in time within a prison?
  48.         What was the approximate prevalence of any drug dependence or abuse among state and federal prisoners in 2004?
  49.         The mentally ill offenders are more likely to recidivate than other offenders.
  50.         What are correctional services departments sometimes called?
  51.         What is the title of the highest ranking uniformed officer?
  52.         Which officers are usually assigned to some of the most sensitive and explosive areas of the prison?
  53.         What is a common serious concern regarding continuing the death penalty?
  54.         In a chain of command, who might a correctional officer report directly to?
  55.         In recent years, public support for the death penalty appears to be getting stronger.
  56.         Holistic health care is defined as the provision of mental health programs based on the intensity of needs for each inmate.
  57.         Which of the following is NOT true regarding inmate movements within a prison?
  58.         Most prisons provide full due process rights for handling inmate discipline.
  59.         Which is NOT one of the activities of the bureaucratic warden?
  60.         What is the style of supervision by staff who are not responsible for inmates, but can still see their movements or activities?
  61.         Prisons and jails have different missions, but there is little difference in the role that correctional officers play in the two types of facilities.
  62.         Prisons are not legally required to provide sufficient legal materials to enable inmates to conduct legal research in order to have reasonable access to the courts.
  63.         Good oral and written interpersonal skills are not really necessary for a successful career as a correctional worker.
  64.         The state and federal prison systems screen inmates for tuberculosis  _________.
  65.         In Baze et al. v. Rees, the Supreme Court stated that the lethal injection drug protocol for executions was unconstitutional.
  66.         About what percentage of state and federal prisoners who were drug dependent or abusing in the year before their admission to prison took part in a drug abuse program? Group counseling sessions are a form of treatment for which of the following types of inmates?
  67.         Which of the following statements is true regarding the U.S. prison population during the period between 2000 and 2010?
  68.         Which of the following is not an emergency response team?
  69.         Due to significant public opposition to recreation programs for inmates, recreation is not considered as an important part of prison programming
  70.         Prison gangs are declining in U.S. prisons.
  71.         Which phenomenon have correctional agencies experienced over the past decade?
  72.         Correctional officials encourage the housing of juvenile offenders in prisons with older adult felons.
  73.         The need for drug treatment in prisons far exceeds the provision of drug treatment programs.
  74.         Which of the following elements is NOT from Irwin and Cressey's list of good inmate behavior?
  75.         Correctional agencies generally use same-sex staff to conduct searches, unless in an emergency.
  76.         Which condition has declined over the past few years, from 2.3 percent of the prison population in 1995 to 1.5 percent in 2008?
  77.         Which of the following is most true of gang members in prisons?
  78.         The most important action that prison staff can take to control gangs is to ignore gang activity till it reaches a flashpoint.
  79.         Which of the following provide for the management and secure control of inmates designated as violent or seriously disruptive in other prisons?
  80.         Which of the following is NOT a measure used by prison staff to reduce the number of sexual assaults in prisons?
  81.        Which state does not have a death penalty?
  82.         Which of the following is NOT one of the prominent reasons why corrections has become a much more important item on the public's political agenda over the past two decades?
  83.         Which 1948 Supreme Court decision supported the hands-off doctrine?
  84.         It is important to provide drug treatment to offenders on probation.
  85.         Prisons use special housing units to perform which of the following activities?
  86.         There have never been any illegal strikes by correctional officers.
  87.         Which of the following is a necessary condition for Prison Industry Enhancement Certification Program to allow for the sale of prison goods on the open market?
  88.         Minorities are on death row at a rate well below their representation in the U.S. population.
  89.         Which of the following is the highest-ranking uniformed staff person in a prison?
  90.         Which of the following counts is the most formal count of the day and occurs at 4:00 p.m. everyday?
  91.         Which of the following prison officers manages resources, acts as a role model for staff, and defines professional expectations?
  92.         Rehabilitation, by definition, means "to take up a new form."
  93.         Fewer offenders are supervised in the community than are in prison and jail.
  94.         One of the challenges of having private prisons is the ethical concerns of an offender's freedom being taken away by a for-profit company.
  95.         Which of the following is NOT true about having a staff that is diverse in terms of gender, race, and ethnicity?
  96.         Which of the following sets of experts suggested the "three-culture" model for prisons?
  97.         When treating a sex offender under civil commitment, which of the following is expected?
  98.         Which of the following is an organizational source of stress in prisons?
  99.         Administrators of state correctional agencies are NOT responsible for which of the following?
  100.         Which of the following refers to the process of creating an environment and providing rehabilitative programs that encourage inmates to accept responsibility and to address personal disorders?

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