BUS 430 BUS430 Week 6 Quiz 5 Answers
BUS 430 Week 6 Quiz 5
1. Changes in goods and services for a firm's customer benefit package do not impact facility layouts.
2. Facility layout is not only concerned with the arrangement of physical facilities, but also the material handling capabilities within the facility.
3. In a product layout, a breakdown of one piece of equipment will not cause the entire process to shut down.
4. Product layouts are less flexible than process layouts.
5. Process layouts generally require less investment in equipment than product layouts because the equipment is less specialized.
6. Services such as legal and medical specialties employ cellular-type layouts as do manufacturers.
7. Cellular layouts are designed according to the functional characteristics of equipment much in the same fashion as process layouts.
8. Product layouts offer higher flexibility with low productivity and process layouts have limited flexibility with high productivity.
9. Workers in cellular layouts generally have greater responsibilities than those who work in product or process layouts.
10. A fixed position layout is based on the sequence of operations that is performed during the manufacturing of a good or delivery of a service.
11. The predominant layout type used in hospitals is the fixed-position layout.
12. The facility layout in a library would most likely be a process layout.
13. In a product layout such as an assembly line, a flow blocking delay occurs whenever one stage completes work and no units from the previous stage are waiting processing.
14. Flow-blocking and lack-of-work delays can be reduced by assigning an appropriate level of capacity at each workstation.
15. An assembly line is a type of product layout.
16. The objective of assembly line balancing is to group tasks among workstations so that the amount of work assigned to each workstation is highly variable, thus maximizing flexibility.
17. In a perfectly balanced assembly line, no bottlenecks exist.
18. Cycle time in assembly line balancing is the maximum amount of time it takes to process a part at some workstation along the line.
19. Cycle time should be smaller than the largest operation time.
20. Cycle time is related to the output rate and the available time to produce output.
21. Because of precedence relationships, assembly-line efficiencies will generally be very high.
22. Assembly line balancing problems involving many distinct products (mixed-model line balancing) are generally easier to solve than single-model balancing problems because there are more alternatives available to assign tasks to workstations.
23. CRAFT is a process layout technique that tries to improve on a current solution by exchanging two or three departments at a time to determine if total materials handling costs have been reduced.
24. ALDEP is a process layout technique that focuses on materials handling costs as the primary solution.
25. A Gallup study showed that workers who are allowed to personalize their workplaces were no more productive than those who are not allowed.
26. Ergonomics is the science that is concerned with determining specific job tasks and responsibilities.
27. Job enlargement approaches give workers more variety of work, but not necessarily more responsibility.
28. Teams are a way of accomplishing job enrichment.
29. Virtual teams are empowered work teams that assume many traditional management responsibilities.
30. Self-managed teams perform entire jobs, rather than specialized assembly-line work.
1. A line balancing solution has been developed for the assembly line for fertilizer spreaders at Green Grass, Inc. The desired output rate of 30 spreaders per hour will be achieved. The sum of times for all tasks performed on the line is 1200 seconds for each spreader assembled. Which of the following statements must be true?
2. An assembly line with 28 activities is to be balanced. The total amount of time required for all 28 activities is 39 minutes. The line will operate for 450 minutes per day. What must the cycle time be to achieve an output rate of 400 units/day?
3. An assembly line with 28 operations is to be balanced. The total amount of time required for all 28 operations is 39 minutes. The longest operation takes 2.2 minutes and the shortest takes 0.8 minutes. The line will operate for 450 minutes per day.
4. Which of the following is not a common reason for facility layout studies?
5. All of the following are common objectives of layout studies except
6. A ____ layout is an arrangement based on the sequence of operations that are performed during the manufacturing of a good or the delivery of a service.
7. A ____ layout consists of a functional grouping of equipment or activities that do similar work.
8. A ____ layout is an arrangement based on self-contained groups of equipment needed to produce a particular set of goods or services.
9. The typical layout of facilities in a hospital would be an example of a ____ layout.
10. The production of large goods such as airplanes is best accomplished using a ____ layout.
11. Which is true for product layout?
12. Which is not true regarding fixed-position layout?
13. Which one of the following fits best with process layout?
14. All of the following are limitations to process layout except
15. Which type of layout is best for high volumes of demand with few if any setups/changeovers?
17. All of the following are true regarding assembly lines except
18. Assembly line balancing
19. For a given cycle time in line balancing, assembly-line efficiency can be increased by
20. Which of the following is not a common approach for designing process layouts?
21. Considering ergonomics, which of the following does not fit?
22. ____ is vertical expansion of job duties to give the worker more responsibility.
23. A(n) ____ performs entire jobs rather than specialized, assembly line work.
24. The determination of specific job tasks and responsibilities is called ____.
25. ____ set their own goals and inspect their own work, often hire their own replacements and prepare their own budgets.
26. Which of the following is not a disadvantage of virtual teams?
1. Discuss four reasons for conducting a facility-layout study.