ANTH 216 ANTH216 Problem Set 11 Solution (Penn State University)

ANTH 216 ANTH216 Problem Set 11 Solution (Penn State University)


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ANTH 216 Problem Set 11 Solution (Penn State University)

1. Marriage is a human universal, presumably because it serves certain fitness-related functions.

a. What are the possible benefits of marriage?

b. Do these fitness benefits accrue equally to both sexes? Explain?

c. How do patterns of divorce illuminate the functions of marriage?

2. Generally, humans provide lots of parental investment, but there are some exceptions.

a. How might patterns of child abuse illuminate evolved paternal motivations?

b. What are the observed patterns?

c. To what extent do they conform to evolutionary expectations?

3. Matrilineal inheritance is rare in human societies.

a. What is it?

b. Under what conditions is it most likely to be adaptive?

c. Under what conditions does it actually occur?

4. Parents don’t always invest equally in sons and daughters.

a. Under what conditions might parents benefit by investing preferentially in one sex or the other?

b. Discuss the extent to which the Muku- godo discussed by Lee Cronk conform to these expectations.

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